According to Jan Długosz in his chronicle, in 1417 a wooden church stood in Radziemice. The present temple was built in the years 1631-1652. The brick church was erected thanks to the efforts of Fr. Jan Młodawski. There is a memorial plaque in the temple mentioning its builder. The church is made of brick, has a single nave, with a single-span, semicircular ending chancel. The temple was consecrated in 1662 by Bishop Mikołaj Oborski, a suffragan of Kraków. In the main altar there is a painting of the Mother of God with the Child in a late Baroque dress, two Rococo side altars. There are also marble epitaphs from the 17th and 18th centuries. Restoration works were carried out in the church in 1961 and in the years 1994–1998. The new polychrome, made in 1995, is the work of Jan Molga.
In 1228, Radziemice was received by Klemens, the voivode of Opole, from prince Kazimierz Opolski. Over the centuries, the town changed hands and in the 16th century it belonged to the Kraków voivode – Spytek of Tarnów. The last owner of Radziemice, Edward Kleszczyński, after the end of World War I, equipped the Church with liturgical equipment, donated land for a new cemetery and a school and built the first dairy cooperative in the Miechów poviat. On his initiative, the Volunteer Fire Department and an agricultural club were also established.